Friday, March 13, 2009

Internet Accessiblity

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How People with Disabilities Use the Web
Working-Group Internal Draft, 5 May 2005

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This document provides an introduction to use of the Web by people with
disabilities. It illustrates some of their requirements when using Web
sites and Web-based applications, and provides supporting information for
the guidelines and technical work of the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C)
Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Scenarios of People with Disabilities Using the Web
3. Different Disabilities That Can Affect Web Accessibility
4. Assistive Technologies and Adaptive Strategies
5. Further Reading
6. Scenario References
7. General References
8. Acknowledgements

1. Introduction

The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) develops guidelines for
accessibility of Web sites, browsers, and authoring tools, in order to
make it easier for people with disabilities to use the Web. Given the
Web's increasingly important role in society, access to the Web is vital
for people with disabilities. Many of the accessibility solutions
described in WAI materials also benefit Web users who do not have

This document provides a general introduction to how people with different
kinds of disabilities use the Web. It provides background to help
understand how people with disabilities benefit from provisions described
in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Authoring Tool
Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, and User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0.
It is not a comprehensive or in-depth discussion of disabilities, nor of
the assistive technologies used by people with disabilities. Specifically,
this document describes:
* scenarios of people with disabilities using accessibility features
of Web sites and Web-based applications;
* general requirements for Web access by people with physical, visual,
hearing, and cognitive or neurological disabilities;
* some types of assistive technologies and adaptive strategies used by
some people with disabilities when accessing the Web.

This document contains many internal hypertext links between the sections
on scenarios, disability requirements, assistive technologies, and
scenario references. The scenario references and general references
sections also include links to external documents.

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